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Functions of Photosynthesis in Plants and Their Benefits for the Environment

You are certainly very familiar with the term photosynthesis not? The reason is, the term we often hear when we were in school first. Or rather explained in the material of natural knowledge (IPA). But do you still remember what photosynthesis is and its benefits for the environment? Let’s take a look at the following brief review so that you remember about it again!

Photosynthesis in Plants is Beneficial to the Environment

Illustration of plants undergoing photosynthesis. Source: quanta magazine
Based on the origin of the word, photosynthesis consists of two things, namely photo (light) and synthesis (produce). If we define it, photosynthesis is a chemical reaction experienced by plant to produce oxygen by utilizing sunlight.
The photosynthesis process itself is actually quite complex to be reviewed in detail, but what you need to know is that this process has great benefits for both plants and plants. environment around. The most obvious thing that can be felt by us from the process of photosynthesis is getting clean air or oxygen for us to breathe. Because in the process of photosynthesis, plants will play a role in converting carbon dioxide to oxygen.

As for plants themselves, photosynthesis can also act as a way to form glucose which will be stored in some parts of the plant. For example, it is stored in fruit to produce fruit, stored in the roots, then it produces tubers and several other parts that can also be used by humans. In addition, the glucose can also be processed into fat and protein in the plant body itself.

The process of photosynthesis itself is influenced by several factors. If the presence of these factors is reduced or absent, the process will also be disrupted. The factors that influence photosynthesis are sunlight intensity, water availability, carbon dioxide concentration and the presence of chlorophyll or leaf green matter in plants.

In general, photosynthesis occurs in the morning because plants need sunlight in order to photosynthesize. In terms of Biology, it’s called the light reaction. But actually there is a photosynthetic process that is carried out without sunlight! This in itself is called a dark reaction. However, this dark reaction process cannot produce oxygen but can only produce glucose for the plant body itself. (HI)