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When Can You Start Pregnancy Checks with a Test Pack?

"Am I pregnant or not, really?"

Many of you don't realize that you are pregnant, especially in the first weeks of pregnancy. Suddenly, after seeing your doctor, your pregnancy is 2 months, 3 months, or even 4 months. I felt surprised and excited after knowing that. Why was it only caught now? Actually, from what gestational age can you find out if you are pregnant?

When can the test pack detect pregnancy?

You will become pregnant if the egg that you remove is fertilized by sperm from your partner. This cannot be known immediately because pregnancy can only be known after you start releasing the hormone human chorionic gonadotropin (HCG). HCG will be released after the fertilized egg attaches to the uterine wall, and at this time pregnancy can be detected by a pregnancy test.

To find out whether you are pregnant or not, you can use a pregnancy test to check it. How long you can tell if you are pregnant depends on the pregnancy test kit you use. All pregnancy tests measure the amount of the HCG hormone to show if you are pregnant or not. Some pregnancy tests are more sensitive than others. The more sensitive the pregnancy test is, the more capable it will be to detect low HCG levels in early pregnancy, maybe two days after your egg is fertilized.

How to choose the most sensitive test pack

You can see the level of sensitivity of this pregnancy test kit on the package, in units of measure mIU / ml (milli-International Units per milliliter). In general, the sensitivity of a pregnancy test kit ranges from 10 mIU / ml to 40 mIU / ml. The lower the number, the more sensitive the pregnancy test will be, so the earlier pregnancy can be detected.

What are the types of pregnancy tests?

There are two types of pregnancy test kits, those that use urine and those that use blood. Both measure levels of the hormone HCG to detect pregnancy.

Urine test (test pack)

The test that uses a tool known as a test pack can be done at home easily. You only collect your urine, and the test pack will show signs, such as a change in color, a change in line, or a plus-minus symbol that indicates you are pregnant or not.

You can do this test on the first or 10th day of your period late. Too early to do this test can show negative results, even though you are actually pregnant. For more precise results, it is advisable to check a few days after you feel that your period is late.

The urine test has an accuracy rate of 97% when done correctly. If done incorrectly or too early, the results will not be accurate. If the test comes back negative but you experience signs of pregnancy, such as late menstruation, nausea, and fatigue, wait a week to have this test done again or you can do other tests or visit your doctor.

Blood test

You will need to visit your doctor for this test. This test is more effective and can be done earlier than a urine test because you can have a blood test 6 to 8 days after ovulation when fertilization, but the results take longer because the blood test must be tested in a laboratory. There are two types of blood tests, namely quantitative HCG and qualitative HCG.

The workings of a quantitative blood test are to measure the amount of the HCG hormone in the blood, while a qualitative blood test looks at the presence or absence of the HCG hormone in the blood. In general, if you are pregnant, a positive test result will be shown within 3-4 days after the fertilized egg implants to the uterine wall or 9-10 days after fertilization occurred.

What factors influence the test results?

  • When the egg attaches to the uterine wall. When the fertilized egg cell attaches to the uterine wall, the hormone HCG will begin to be released and the number continues to grow. You can do a pregnancy test and get a positive result at this time. However, a pregnancy test that is too early can result in a negative test because it takes about a week for the egg to attach to the uterine wall and release the HCG hormone.
  • How much you drink. The level of the HCG hormone in the urine depends on how much you drink. If you drink too much, it is not impossible that the HCG hormone level in your urine is low because the urine is too dilute so that it shows a negative test result. Urine that is more concentrated usually shows a positive test result.
  • Blood levels of the HCG hormone. The level of the HCG hormone in the blood may vary from person to person, thus affecting the accuracy of the pregnancy test results. A positive test result may take longer if you have low levels of the HCG hormone in your blood.
  • Urine test sensitivity. Pregnancy test kits that use urine have varying degrees of sensitivity which indicate how quickly they can detect the presence of the HCG hormone in urine. It is recommended that you read the sensitivity level and the instructions on the package before taking the test so that you are not mistaken.